Course Outline for M.A (English)

Year 1 Semester I

1.  History of English Literature

The Age of Chaucer, 14th Century

The Renaissance Period

Elizabethan Age

17th Century (Milton, The Puritan Movement, The Metaphysical and The Cavalier Poets, The Reformation Age)

Restoration Period, Classical or the Neo-Classical Age, Romantic Age

Victorian Age

20th Century or the Modern Age

21st Century or the New millennium Literature


2.   Linguistics & Major Schools and Movements in Linguistics – An Introduction

Basic terms And Concepts in Linguistics (language, design features, nature and functions of language, diachronic/synchronic linguistics, paradigmatic/syntagmatic relations)    

Elements of Language (Phonetics and Phonology, Morphology, Syntax,

Semantics, etc.

Scope of Linguistics (an introduction to major branches of linguistics

Schools of Linguistics (generativism, structuralism, mentalism, etc.,)

Discourse Analysis

3.  Introduction to Literature And Literary Movements

Literary Forms: their origin and development

What is Poetry? Various forms/types of Poems/Verse/Stanza, metre, rhyme, rhythm   

What is drama? Various types of drama, Plot, Setting, Character/,

What is Novel? Various types of Novel, Plot, Setting, Character, Characterization, Story,      Narrative Devices/Techniques, etc.

Short Story, Essay, Types, Constituents Elements/Essentials of     short     stories and essays, etc

Literary Movements

Classicism, Romanticism, Modernism, Post-Modernism, Formalism, Marxism,   Feminism, Deconstruction, Naturalism, Surrealism, Absurdism, Realism, Symbolism, etc.

4.  Classics in Poetry-I (Chaucer 1st Generation Of Romantics)

J. Chaucer, Prologue To The Canterbury Tales

E. Spenser, Fairie Queene (Canto-1)

J. Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 1

J. Donne, Love And Divine Poems: Selections (J. Donne, Love And Divine Poems: Selection, The Flea, The Sunne Rising, A Valediction:Forbidding Mourning, Extasie, Death Be Not Proud, Thou Some have Called Thee, If Faithful Souls Be Alike Glorified

Pope, Rape of the Lock

S.T. Coleridge, Rime Of the Ancient Mariner and Kubla Khan

W. Wordsworth, Intimation Ode, Tintern Abbey, It’s A Beauteous Evening, The World is too Much With Us

5.  Classics in Drama-I (Sophocles to Shaw)

Sophocles, Oedipus Rex

Marlowe, Doctor Faustus

Shakespeare, Hamlet

Shakespeare, The Tempest

G.B. Shaw, Arms And The Man

Year 01, Semester II

1.  Phonetics and Phonology


•    Stages in the production of speech

•    Speech Organs

•    Manner and Place of articulation

Segmental Phonology

•    Phonemes and allophones (consonants, vowels, diph/triphthongs)  

•    The Cardinal Vowel System  

•    Syllable and syllabic structure (consonant clusters, syllable, word stress)

•    Sounds in connected speech (weak forms, elision and assimilation)         

Suprasegmental Phonology 

•    Word and Sentence stress and intonation

Contrastive Phonology

•    Teaching of pronunciation

•    Application of phonetic and phonological rules in daily life

•    Pakistani English   

Phonetic/Phonemic Transcription

2. Literary Criticism   and Theory-I

Literary Criticism

Aristotle’s Poetics

Longinus’ On the Sublime

Dr. Johnson’s Preface to Shakespeare

Wordsworth’s Preface to Lyrical Ballads (Chapter 14 and 15)

Coleridge’s Biographia Literaria (Chapter 17, 18)

M. Arnold’s Function of Criticism

3.   Grammar, Syntax and Semantics


•    Grammar

•    Some Traditional Concepts

•    Morphology

•    Transformational Generative Grammar


•    Introduction to Syntax

•    Aspects of the Theory of Syntax

•    Basic Concepts of Syntax, Structure Of English and Syntactic Problems 


•    Introduction to Semantics

•    Ambiguity

•    Context

•    Pragmatics

4. Classics in Poetry-II (2nd Generation of Romantics to 20th Century)

John Keats, Ode on Grecian Urn, Ode to a Nightingale, Ode To Autumn

A. L. Tennyson, The Lotus Eaters, The Lady of Shallot, Break, Break, Break, Tears, Idle Tears

Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken, Stopping by Woods on A Snowy Evening, Mending Walls

W.B. Yeats, The Second Coming, The Lake Isle of Innisfree

T.S. Eliot, The Waste Land, The Love Song of Alfred J. Prufrock

Ted Hughes, Hawk Roosting, The Owl, The Seven Sorrows, Crow's Fall, A Woman Unconscious

Sylvia Plath, Ariel, The Colossus, Daddy, Lady Lazarus, The Bee Meeting, The Arrival of The Bee Box, Purdah

5.  Classics in Drama-II (Modern)

T.S. Eliot’s Murder In The Cathedral

Sean O’Casey’s Juno And The Paycock

Samuel Beckett’s Waiting For Godot

H.Pinter’s The Caretaker

Arther Miller’s The Death of A Salesman

Year 2, Semester III

1.  Prose-I (Bacon to Ruskin)

F. Bacon, Bacon Essays (Of Studies, Of Death, Of Love, Of     Followers And Friends)

J. Swift, Gulliver’s Travels

C. Lamb, Essays Of Elia (Dream Children, The Chimney Sweepers)

W. Hazlitt, My First Acquaintance With Poets, From Mr. Wordsworth

J. Ruskin, The Crown Of The Wild Olive (Lecture-1 Work) 

2.    Literary Criticism And Theory-II

New Criticism

T. S. Eliot’s Tradition And Individual Talent, Function Of Criticism

F.R. Leavis’     Literary Criticism And Philosophy (The Common     Pursuits)

Derida, Of Grammatology (Selection)

Modern, Post-modern and Contemporary Approaches/Theories (An Introduction)

(At least four as per Choice or Requirement):

Postcolonial–With emphasis on Racial, National, and Global

Postmodern–With emphasis on Popular, Cyber-Spatial, and Technological

Linguistic – With emphasis on Structural, Post-structural, Translation

Psychoanalytic – With emphasis on Psycho and  Socio-pathological

Reception – With emphasis on Interpretation, Hermeneutics, Reader-Response

Marxist – With emphasis on Economic, Social and Cultural

Feminist – With emphasis on Gender and Sexuality Studies

Myth-o-poetic – With emphasis on Archetypal, Phenomenal, and Genre based

Inter-textuality – With emphasis on Comparative World

3.   Socio/Psycholinguistics

Functions of Language in Society

Domains of Language Use

Speech Community

Multilingualism and Bilingualism

•  Dimensions of Bilingualism

•  Bilingualism and Diglossia

•  Causes of Bilingualism

•  Manifestations of Bilingualism




•  Effects of Bilingualism

Language Conflicts

Language Attitudes

Language Maintenance

Language Change/Shift

Language Death

Dialects, Pidgin and Creoles, Register, Genderlect, etc.

Standard Language

National Language, Language Planning And Policy,

The Nature of Language

•   The Psychology of Language

•   The Structure and Function of Language

•   Processes in the Use of Language

First Steps in Child’s Language Acquisition

•   Communicating with Language

•   Issues in The L/A

•   Methods Of Studying Child’s Language

Later Growth in the Child’s Language

The Psychology of Learning

•   Theories of language Acquisition/Learning (Behaviourism, Cognitivism, Interactionism)

•   Memory

•   Interlanguage

•   Error Analysis

Perception and Production of First and later Sounds

Individual Learner Factors

•    Age and Critical Age

•    Affective and personality factors

•    Cognitive styles

•    Motivation

Language and Thought (Language Universals and Linguistic Relativity)

4.   ELT (English Language Teaching)

Methods of Language Teaching

•    Approach, Method and Technique

•    Selected ELT Methods: Grammar-Translation, Direct Method,

Audio-lingual, etc.

•    ELT models for Pakistan

Theory and Practice of Teaching Oral Skills

•    Nature of Oral Communication

•    Theory and techniques of teaching listening and speaking

•    Lesson Planning for Teaching Oral Skills

Theory and Practice of Teaching Reading Skills

•    Nature of Reading

•    Theories of Reading – Interactive and Schema

•    Designing activities for reading skills

•    Lesson Planning for teaching reading

Theory and Practice of Teaching Writing Skills

•    Nature of Writing

•    Theories of Writing – Product and Process

•    Lesson Planning for teaching writing

•    Techniques for giving feedback and correcting written work

Teaching English Pronunciation

5. Classics in Novel- I (18th Century to Victorian)

Fielding, Joseph Andrews

Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice

Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights

Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities

Thomas Hardy, Tess of The D’Urbervilles

Semester IV

1.   Classics in Novel- II (Modern)

Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness

D.H. Lawrence, Women in Love

J. Joyce, The Portrait Of An Artist As A Young Man

Virginia Woolf, To The Light House

William Faulkner, The Sound And The Fury

2. Stylistics


•   What is stylistics?

•   Subject and Discipline

•   Stylistics as a Bridge between Linguistics and Literature.

•   Literature as Text and as Discourse

The Nature of Literary Communication. 

Literature as Fore grounded Language.

The Theory of Deviation and its Application to the Study of Poetry

•   Lexical, Grammatical, Phonological, Semantic, Dialectal deviation

•   Deviation of Register

•   Deviation of Historical Period  Parallelism.

•    Scheme as Fore grounded repetitions of expression e.g. Verbal repetition and its poetic           effects, Rhythm and Rhyme.

•   New concepts of meter such as Measure.  Tropes as Fore grounded irregularities of content:  figurative language i.e. metaphor, oxymoron, synecdoche, irony, hyperbole, litotes etc.

The stylistic analysis and appreciation of the short stories, poems and essays (Written in the form of assignments and Oral in the form of Class Presentations or Seminars) with reference to  concepts such as conflict, the Narrative Voice, Irony etc.

3. Contemporary Issues in Applied Linguistics and ELT Practicum

Language, Identity and Culture

Language and Gender

Globalization and its Impact on Teaching and Learning of English

Language and Development

World Englishes

Language Policy and Planning

Language in Education

Bilingual Education

Lesson Planning

•    Making and using Lesson Plans for teaching Listening,

Speaking, Reading and Writing Skills, Grammar and  Vocabulary.

Classroom Observation

•    The importance of Classroom Observation

•    Observation of English Language Classrooms/Peer Observation

Classroom Dynamics

•    Roles of Teachers and Learners

•    Classroom Interaction

•    Teaching the Whole Class

•    Pair-Work

•    Group-Work


•    Students will teach on topics (either in the University classes or outside in the affiliated  colleges) of their choice from the lessons that they have already planned with support from the   tutor/peers.

NOTE: Books/Materials related to the part of Contemporary Issues in Applied Linguistics will be suggested and provided by the tutor of the course.

4.   Prose- II (Modern)

T.H. Huxley, Selections: From Agnosticism And Christianity, From Science And Culture, From A Liberal Education

Bertrand Russel, Bertrand Russel’s Best: Silhouettes In Satire

Martin Luther King, Non-violent Resistance

Mikhailovich Bakhtin, Dialogics

Edward Said, Orientalism (Chapter-1)

5.    Research Mechanics/Thesis


Introduction: Qualitative and Quantitative Research Paradigms

Identifying and Defining a Research Problem

Selection Of the Topic and Delimitation of The Topic

Ethical Considerations/Plagiarism

Sampling Techniques

Tools for Data Collection: Questionnaires, Interviews, Observation &


Data Analysis and Interpretation


Some Aspects of the Research Work

•   Developing A Synopsis

•   Review of Literature

•   Transcription and Transliteration

•   Referencing and Citation

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